Who was who: C

Callcott, Dr John Wall (1766-1821)

'Calcott was born near London, 1766, and received an early classical education. In 1778 he applied to the study of music, and four years afterwards was appointed assistant organist of St George the Martyr, and became a chorus singer in the Oratorios. In 1789 he was chosen organist fo Covent Garden Church. Next year he was introduced to Haydn, in London, and received some lessons from him. In 1792 he was appointed organist to the Asylum, which he resigned ten years afterwards. In 1800 he took a Doctor's degree in music (having been M.B. fifteen years before); but in 1807 his nerves were attacked so severely as to exclude him from business and society for six years. He was a vocal composer, and excelled in glees, etc. for which he obtained several prize medals. He also composed some hymns.' (Psalmo-Doxologia)

1791 The psalms of David (P291); 75 new FTs (co-author: Dr Samuel Arnold (1740-1802))

Camidge, Matthew (1735-1803)

Organist of York Minster, 1756-99; and of St Michael-le-Belfrey, 1756-1801

[c1800] A musical companion to the psalms used in the church of St Michael le Belfrey, York (P317)
[c1808] A musical companion to the psalms used in the church of St Michael le Belfrey, York (P317 later edn)
[c1825] A musical companion to the psalms used in the church of St Michael le Belfrey, York 3rd edn (P355; enlargement of P317)

Carey, Henry (d 1743)

'A musician and poet of the early part of the 18th century; his compositions were chiefly secular; but his tune to the 23rd Psalm will probably live as long as Addison's beautiful version, to which it is adapted. He unhappily terminated his own existence in 1743.' (Psalmo-Doxologia)

Carpendale, William (d early 1760s?)

William Carpendale was a Leicestershire schoolteacher who, with fellow schoolteacher William Barnes, composed fuging psalm tunes and anthems. Barnes published some of his music posthumously.

Catchpole, Robert (fl 1761)

Psalmodist of Bury St Edmunds

[1760?] A coronation anthem ... for ... country choirs (P179)
1761 A choice collection of church music (P183); 5 FTs, 2 new

Chapman, T. (fl 1775)

Schoolmaster of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London; musical editor

1775 The organist's universal companion (P218)

Charlesworth, J. (1742-1821)

Rector of Ossington, Notts, 1782-1821

(1796) Fifty select tunes ... (P305)

Chattaway, John

Nothing known about composer. (Fynn Titford-Mock)

[c1820?] New Psalm and Hymn tunes in four parts, adapted for the organ and piano forte. Birmingham

Chetham, John (1665-1746)

Curate of Skipton; psalmody compiler; mainly West Yorks

1718 A book of psalmody (P71) (advertised in Nottingham paper)
1722 A book of psalmody 2nd edn (P71.2); 1 new FT
1724 A book of psalmody 3rd edn (P86); 1 FT
1731 A book of psalmody 4th edn; 1 FT
1741 A book of psalmody 6th edn (P111a); 1 FT
1745 A book of psalmody 7th edn; 1 FT (Facsimile in preparation)
1752 A book of psalmody 8th edn; 1 FT
1767 A book of psalmody 9th edn; 1 FT
[1779] A book of psalmody 10th edn; 1 FT
1787 A book of psalmody 11th edn; 1 FT

Church, John (1675-1741)

A professional musician, John Church was master of the choristers at Westminster Abbey. Henry Playford commissioned him, with other professionals, to write anthems specially for country churches, which brought into being a new class of church music.

[c1723] An introduction to psalmody (P83)
[c1740] An introduction to psalmody (later edn)

Clark, Christopher (fl 1745)

Psalmodist of Selston, Nottinghamshire. Published (with Thomas Green) Vocal Harmony Displayed in Psalmody in 1745, the title page of which declares 'The whole Work intirely new (from near thirty Years Practice and Experience) and never before printed'. This book has only just come to light (via Bibliofind on the web!), and is now available in facsimile from the Library.

Clark, Edward (fl 1770)

Organist of St Paul, Covent Garden, London

[1767] Six easy hymns or anthems (P195)
[c1770] New anthem (P203)

Clark, Thomas (1775-1859)

Thomas Clark was born in Canterbury in 1775 and spent virtually the whole of his life in that city. He was a boot and shoe maker by trade but spent his spare time heavily involved in church music, first with the Methodists, and later with the General Baptists. Clark was leader of the Wesleyan choir at Canterbury for many years, but in his later years he was suspected of holding sceptical or Unitarian opinions, and reluctantly resigned his position amongst the Wesleyans. He died in his house in St George's Street, Canterbury, in 1859.

Possibly more than any other composer, he evolved a style of non-conformist hymnody, using the technique of repeated lines and imitative vocal entries, which epitomised nineteenth-century non-conformist tunes, which must have been anathema to the devotees of the old, solid, homophonic psalm-tunes. Clark's published works include the following collections:

1805 First Sett of Psalm and Hymn Tunes
c1810 Second Sett of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, 'adapted to the use of country choirs'
1830 The Sacred Gleaner
1837 The Union Tune-Book (co-editor)
1837 The Union Tune-Book 2nd edn, with reharmonisations by Clark

Source: Steve Weston (1991) in West Gallery, 2, p. 8

Biographies of Clark appear in Lightwood, James (1935) The Music of the Methodist Hymn-Book, London, and Barkley, John (1979) Handbook to the Church Hymnary, London.

Clarke, Jeremiah (d 1707)

'Educated under Dr Blow, master of St Paul's, in which office he succeeded him in 1693. His style was easy, plaintive, and, like himself, tinctured with melancholy, in a fit of which he unhappily shot himself, in 1707.' (Psalmo-Doxologia)

Cole, William (fl 1765-75)

Psalmodist of Grundisburgh, Suffolk

[c1766] The psalmodist's exercise, London and Ipswich (P194)

Caroline Edwards recently viewed a copy entitled The psalmodists exercise or a set of psalm tunes & anthems, all entirely new, compos'd for the use of country choirs, by William Cole. It was printed for John Shave at Ipswich, W Keymer at Colchester and sold by C and S Thompson in St Paul's Churchyard, London. She was impressed by the liveliness of the anthems ("v. fuguey and lost of dotted quavers -- even in the bass part!")

David Jensen notes that a W. Cole wrote a View of Modern Psalmody (Colchester, 1819).

Collins, Thomas (fl 1790)

Psalmodist of Nuneaton, Warks

[c1790] A collection of anthems and psalms (P273); 1 new FT

Cole, William

'Of Colchester, author of some pleasing Hymn and Psalm-tunes in the 18th century' (Psalmo-Doxologia)

Cook, Richard (fl 1770-75)

Kent psalmodist

[c1770] Kentish psalmodist's companion (P204); 7 FTs, 3 joint
[c1775] The psalmodist's companion (P220); 14 FTs, 3 joint (2 of which appear in above)

Cooke, Matthew (fl 1790-1830)

Organist at North Mimms, Herts, and St George, Bloomsbury, London

[c1790] Twelve psalm tunes (P274); 12 new FTs
[c1795] Select portions of the psalms of David (P300)

Corelli, Arcangelo (1653-1713)

'A sublime musical genius of the 17th century. He was born at Fusignano in 1653, and died at Rome in 1713. His instrument was the violin, and he is considered the father of modern instrumental music. The tune Lonsdale is formed out of one of his favourite movements.' (Psalmo-Doxologia)

Crisp, William (fl 1755)

Psalmodist of Toft-Monks, Norfolk

1755 Divine harmony (P152); 4 FTs, 1 new

Croft, Dr William (c1677-1727)

From 1708 until his death, Dr Croft was organist at Westminster Abbey. He was a prolific composer. His degree was in music, and the work he did for it is the earliest example still in existence.

'Born about 1677, Croft was educated under Dr Blow; he was the first organist of St Ann's, Westminster, and in 1704 admitted joint organist of the Chapel Royal with Jer. Clarke. In 1708 he succeeded Dr Blow as organist of St Peter's, Westminster, and composer etc. to the Chapel Royal. In 1727 he died of a cold caught in attending the Coronation of George II. He is comnsidered the greatest composer in his time of church music, and edited a valuable collection of Anthems, etc. by the old masters.' (Psalmo-Doxologia)

Crompton, John (fl 1778)

Psalmodist of Southwold, Suffolk

1778 The psalm singer's assistant (P235); 17 FTs; 3 new

Cuzens, Benjamin (fl 1800)

Psalmodist of Portsmouth

1787 Divine harmony (P261)
[1789] Five anthems and five collects (P265); only title page is extant
[c1800] Five anthems and five collects (P265 later edn)
[c1800] The Portsmouth harmony (D16); 7 new FTs